Transport has a key role to play in supporting and underpinning different city region economies.
Gross Value Added (GVA) per head of population
GVA per head of population in England was £28,096 in 2015. The figure is considerably higher in London than in the Metropolitan Areas, which are below the national average.
Jobs by Local Authority
In 2015, London and the Metropolitan areas were home to 11.9 million jobs, with roughly 50% of these in London.
Jobs per head of population
Looking at the number of jobs per head of population, London has the highest job density, with 0.99 jobs per head of population.
UK consumer confidence
The Consumer Confidence Index is a barometer of expected household consumption. An indicator above 100 suggests a boost in consumer's confidence of a future economic situation, whilst below 100 suggests pessimism. As the graph shows below, the recession of 2008 saw a dip in consumer confidence which has since recovered.