The movement of freight is vital for ensuring the success of our city regions. But it can also have a number of negative effects on transport networks, meaning that how and when freight is moved is a key part of wider transport planning.
Volume of goods lifted and moved
The volume of goods lifted is defined as the weight of goods carried, measured in tonnes. The volume of goods moved is defined as the weight of goods carried, multiplied by the distance hauled, measured in tonne kilometres.
The volume of goods lifted in Great Britain in 2018 was 1.4 billion tonnes, a figure which has fallen over the last ten years. The volume of goods moved in Great Britain in 2018 was 152 billion tonne kms, a slight increase over the last ten years.
Freight vehicle kilometres
In 2018, Great Britain had 18,727 million vehicle kms associated with the movement of freight. This is roughly the same distance as in 2009.
Vehicle kms for vehicles between 3.5 and 25 tonnes has decreased between 2008 and 2018, with vehicles over 25 tonnes remaining stable during this time. This suggests a movement away from smaller HGV vehilces.
Light Goods Vehicles (less than 3.5 tonnes)
Whilst growth in the miles traveled by Light Goods Vehicles (less than 3.5 tonnes) has grown strongly across England, in Metropolitan areas growth has been more mixed with London seeing far more growth than other City Regions.