The movement of freight is vital for ensuring the success of our city regions. But it can also have a number of negative effects on transport networks, meaning that how and when freight is moved is a key part of wider transport planning.
Volume of goods lifted and moved
The volume of goods lifted is defined as the weight of goods carried, measured in tonnes. The volume of goods moved is defined as the weight of goods carried, multiplied by the distance hauled, measured in tonne kilometres.
The volume of goods lifted (visualisation 1) in Great Britain in 2016 was 1.9 billion tonnes, the same figures moved in 2007. The volume of goods moved (visualisation 2) in Great Britain in 2016 was 70 billion tonne kms, an increase of 8% of the volume of goods moved in 2007.
Freight vehicle kilometres
In 2016, Great Britain had 19,233 million vehicle kms associated with the movement of freight. This is a reduction of 12% since 2007. For each vehicle kilometre, an average of 8 tonnes of freight were moved in 2014, an increase of 23% since 2000.
Vehicle kms for vehicles between 3.5 and 25 tonnes has decreased between 2006 and 2015, with vehicles over 25 tonnes remaining stable during this time. This suggests a movement towards larger HGVs.
Light Goods Vehicles (less than 3.5 tonnes)
Whilst growth in the miles traveled by Light Goods Vehicles (less than 3.5 tonnes) has grown strongly across England, in Metropolitan areas growth has been more mixed with London seeing far more growth than other City Regions.