Rail Industry Finances

Costs, spending and subsidy vary considerably across the network depending on the types of markets and geographies served.

Key Indicators

Train operating company (TOC) expenditure per passenger journey

The average expenditure per passenger journey in Great Britain was £11.65 in 2016/17. This varies widely by operator depending on the nature of the service offered.


TOC expenditure per passenger kilometre

The average expenditure per passenger kilometre in Great Britain was £0.31 in 2016/17.


Passenger income per passenger journey

The average passenger fare was £5.48 in 2016/17. There were wide variations across operators depending on their function and average trip lengths.


Passenger income per kilometre travelled by TOC

The average income per passenger kilometre was £0.14 in 2016/17.


Government funding per passenger kilometre by TOC

The average level of government funding per passenger kilometre in Great Britain was £0.05 in 2016/17. Two operators made a premium payment to government per passenger KM.