Rail has seen very strong growth in the last ten years though the last two years have seen some softening of demand in London and the South East.
Rail patronage by sector
Rail has seen very strong growth over the last ten years overall. This long term trend saw some interruption in 2016/17 and 2017/18 but has resumed in 2018/19.
Rail patronage by train operating company (TOC)
There were 1.75 billion journeys made by rail in 2018/19. Over the past year there has been mixed fortunes, with some operating companies seeing patronage decline while others have continued to see growth
Total station entry and exit figure by Metropolitan area
Metropolitan areas have seen strong growth in rail use over the decade – most notably in West Yorkshire, Greater Manchester and the West Midlands.
Train kilometres travelled (millions) by TOC
There were 525 million train kilometres in 2018/19, a slight increase on the previous year.
Passenger kilometres travelled (millions) by TOC
There were 69.4 billion passenger kilometres in 2018/19.
Passengers In Excess of Capacity
On average trains entering the morning peak into England’s main seven cities are 4.5% over capacity. Overcrowding is most severe in London and Birmingham.