Rail has seen very strong growth in the last ten years though the last two years have seen some softening of demand in London and the South East.

Key Indicators

Rail patronage by sector

Rail has seen very strong growth over the last ten years overall. This long term trend saw some interruption in 2016/17 and 2017/18 but has resumed in 2018/19.

Total station entry and exit figure by Metropolitan area

Metropolitan areas have seen strong growth in rail use over the decade – most notably in West Yorkshire, Greater Manchester and the West Midlands.

Passengers In Excess of Capacity

On average trains entering the morning peak into England’s main seven cities are 4.5% over capacity. Overcrowding is most severe in London and Birmingham.

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